# The Theorem Prover Museum

Theorem provers are software systems that can find or check proofs for conjectures given in some logic. Research in theorem proving system started with the logical theorist 1955 and has led to a succession of systems since.

Theorem provers are complex software systems that have pushed the envelope of artificial intelligence and programming, and as such they constitute important cultural artefacts.

With the current wave of retirements of the original principal investigators there is good chance that the systems are lost, when their group servers are shut down. This web site aims to preserve the ones we can still get our hands on. This idea is compatible with the Software Heritage initiative, and contributes since it is based on GitHub repositories.

The term “museum” may be sound bit ambitious, since the exhibition and didactic interpretation of the theorem provers is beyond our scope (and perhaps abilities). But the foremost function of a museum is the conservation of artefacts, which is what the “theorem prover museum” project intends to do.

This site is the front-end to a collection of source code repositories for theorem provers (see below). Note that it is not the purpose of this site to keep the theorem proving systems running (in many cases the compilers and dependencies have moved on, making this very difficult), but only to archive the source code for academic study and aggregate meta-data about the systems. In particular this should lower the barrier of archiving systems here.

See also most wanted list, systems believed lost, how to contribute, Community, project/issues.

### Latest News Full List

- Call for Theorem Prover Metadata (30 September 2017) </li>
- Theorem Prover Museum has news (22 September 2017) </li>
- swMATH links (9 September 2017) </li>
- The sources of the first theorem prover (Logic Theorist) found! (2 September 2017) </li>
- Theorem Prover Museum has 20 Provers (7 April 2017) </li> </ul> ### Related Resources [Encyclopedia of proof systems](https://proofsystem.github.io/Encyclopedia/), [Wikipedia page](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Automated_theorem_proving), [... more](/related/). All theorem provers start out as active systems, eventually development gets discontinued as developers retire or move to newer systems. Therefore we also maintain a list of [source code repositories of active theorem provers](/active/). ## Theorem Provers

The IMPS Theorem Prover.

authors: | William M. Farmer, Joshua D. Guttman, F. Javier Thayer |
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The Markgraph Karl Refutation Procedure, a graph-based resolution theorem prover written in Common Lisp

authors: | Jörg Siekmann, Jürgen Ohlbach, Axel Präcklein |
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A theorem prover for higher-order logic based on proof planning.

authors: | Jörg Siekmann, Detlef Fehrer, Christoph Benzmüller, Michael Kohlhase, Manfred Kerber |
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An Inductive Theorem Prover

authors: | Dieter Hutter |
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The first theorem prover for first-order logic with equality from the Argonne group that was widely distributed.

authors: | William McCune |
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The Argonne Model generator.

authors: | William McCune |
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Prover9 is the successor to Otter

authors: | William McCune |
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Mace4 is the successor of Mace.

authors: | William McCune |
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The Prolog Equation Solving System (PRESS) pioneered work on what is now called proof planning.

authors: | Alan Bundy |
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The original Edinburgh LCF

TPS is an interactive, semi-automatic, and automatic Theorem Proving System for first-order logic and higher-order logic.

ETPS is a subsystem of TPS designed for interactive use by students in logic courses.

The HOL System is an environment for interactive theorem proving in a higher-order logic. Its most outstanding feature is its high degree of programmability through the meta-language ML.

The rational reconstruction of HOL88

SRI's New Automated Reasoning Kit

authors: | Mark Stickel |
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PRV-Beweisprogramm really: an early theorem prover written in SNOBOL

A general-purpose instance-based first-order automated theorem proving algorithm

A Semantically Guided First-Order Theorem Prover

An improved version of the original Boyer-Moore theorem prover

A Prolog implementation of the proof planner Clam (in the clam2 development branch) and the associated theorem prover, oyster.

authors: | Alan Bundy |
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Prolog implementation of proof planner with critics, and some higher-order unification, in the v3 branch of Clam.

A proof planning system that support proof planning over higher-order domains.

An automatic theorem proving system using knowledge and metaknowledge in mathematics.

authors: | Dominique Pastre |
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A Distributed and Learning Equational Prover.

A tool for automated verification of formal mathematical texts.

A proof checker and interactive theorem prover for dependently typed set theory.

authors: | Chad Brown |
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A first-order theorem prover based on the connection method.

authors: | Johann Schumann, Wolfgang Bibel |
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A theorem prover based on the PTTP paradigm.

The first theorem prover by Newell and Simon.

authors: | Alan Newell, Herbert Simon |
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